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Springs BMAPs

How does state law address polluted springs?

Through plans called Springs BMAPs.

Florida's springs are suffering from nitrate pollution.  The only tool the state has to reduce nitrates and restore springs to health are called Basin Management Action Plans, or BMAPs.

The 2016 Springs & Aquifer Protection Act identified a list of 30 Outstanding Florida Springs. The law provides that if any of those springs are found to be polluted by nitrates, DEP must write a Springs BMAP, a plan to restore the spring to health.


Florida's 30 Outstanding Florida Springs

These 24 springs are polluted by excessive nitrates and require a BMAP to restore water quality:

Chassahowitzka Springs Group Madison Blue Spring

Crystal River Manatee Spring

DeLeon Spring Peacock Springs

Devil’s Ear Spring Rainbow Spring Group

Falmouth Spring Rock Springs

Fanning Springs Silver Springs

Gemini Springs Troy Spring

Homasassa Spring Group Volusia Blue Spring

Hornsby Spring Wacissa Spring Group

Ichetucknee Spring Group Wakulla Spring

Jackson Blue Spring Weeki Wachee Springs Group

Lafayette Blue Spring Wekiwa Spring

These 6 springs are currently meeting water quality standards and do not require a BMAP:

*Alexander Spring

*Columbia Spring

*Gainer Spring Group

*Poe Spring

*Silver Glen Springs

*Treehouse Spring


Springs BMAPs are being updated in 2025

Springs BMAPs are required to restore springs to health within a 20-year timeframe, and the clock started ticking when springs BMAPs were released in 2018, requiring the state to restore springs to health by 2038.

But DEP violated Florida law to protect polluters, writing BMAPs that were never going to work. Those BMAPs should have reduced pollution by 4 million pounds between 2018 and 2023, but instead, weak BMAPs have allowed pollution in those springs to increase by more than 1.5 million pounds in that time, putting us years behind and adding even more pollution removal to an already monumental task.

Judges ruled in our favor that their plans were insufficient and did not meet requirements of law, so now DEP is updating those BMAPs.

An essential part of this process is for springs advocates to get involved and demand that DEP uphold its legal responsibility to create viable plans to restore polluted springs. We will provide the information advocates need during this process so that we can work together for cleaner springs.

This two minute explainer video gives you the background you need:


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